Mulberry trees are also grown in a ‘Roof Form’ with an umbrella of branches trained across a framework. The large heart-shaped leaves are perfect for providing shade over a patio, where the tall clear stem will not impede access to a busy entertaining area. Morus platanifolia, a fruitless variety, is in stock in this form and is pictured above in this stunning Nicholsons’ designed garden.
If you have raised beds, another fruit tree form to add a mini vertical element is the quarter standard (pictured right). These delightful trees have a clear stem of less than 1m, above which a dense canopy of branches facilitates picking without bending. Gooseberries and blackcurrants are particularly effective in this form and will provide interesting winter structure, when most ‘grow your own’ areas are looking a little devoid of vegetation.
Multi-stem Fruit Trees
Finally, an article on structure would not be complete without mentioning multi-stemmed trees. This form of plant is defined as a tree with two or more main stems arising near ground level, but importantly growing from one root system. Specific pruning techniques carried out at an early age encourage the formation of multiple branches.