Spotlight on Multi-stemmed Trees
By Lorraine Spooner
This form of plant is defined as a tree with two or more main stems arising near ground level, but importantly growing from one root system. Specific pruning techniques carried out at an early age encourages the formation of multiple branches. Usually, a multi stemmed tree has a short spur as opposed to a shrub, whose branches naturally form from ground level (or just below). In the natural world, grazing animals eating away at the bark can simulate pruning, which encourages new growth to form from the trunk as a process of rejuvenation.
Because multi-stems combine characteristics of both a tree and a shrub, with an open structure at their base and often with a greater foliage mass than the same tree in its usual form, their features, such as perhaps beautiful bark or stunning flowers, can be enjoyed at close quarters, rather than gazing skywards to appreciate these attributes.
A multi-stemmed tree has many uses in a garden setting:-
- as a stand-alone specimen to be viewed from all angles;
- as a barrier to invite exploration to other parts of the garden;
- in a mixed planting scheme where often their open structure creates a window through which other plants can be appreciated;
- to provide dappled shade to a seating area where a single stemmed tree might cast excessive shadow from a large canopy;
- to add interest to a large area of lawn by strategically planting ‘punctuation points’ to break up a long vista;
- to plant in groups for structural impact; very effective with a white stemmed Birch, set against a green backdrop;
- cultivate a new area of garden for your choice multi-stem and underplant with low growing perennials, grasses and spring bulbs, (ensuring the planting circle is maintained free of competing plants);
- use where an open and informal character needs to be maintained, such as in a garden with naturalistic planting schemes – a growing trend;
- introduce diversity to the garden by planting amongst other standard tree forms;
- and last, but not least, use for that all important focal point.
With many beautiful examples available at the Plant Centre, I have highlighted the attributes of some below to assist you in making your choice. Our expert horticulturalists will be able to provide you with each plants’ preferred conditions to ensure you have the right plant for the right place.