Biosecurity Blog 1: Notifiable Plants, Pests and Diseases
Notifiable Pests & Diseases
Quarantine organisms which are subject to statutory control have to be reported if you suspect they, or host materials are present. These have to be reported if being imported/exported. If you suspect a notifiable you should quarantine suspicious item(s) immediately, and immediately contact the Animal & Plant Health Agency or Forestry Commission. APHA: 01904 405 138, Forestry Commission: https://www.forestresearch.gov.uk/tools-and-resources/tree-alert/. Lists are provided on the forestry commission and DEFRA, and EPPO websites
Protected Zones & Plant Passports
Plant Health Protected Zones (PZ) are set up where a pest or disease is endemic in a part of the EU but not present within the zone. Restrictions/prohibitions are imposed on the supply and movements of plants into a protected zone from infected areas. Plant passports are required if importing host plants. Outbreaks within protected zones have to be eradicated, with the cost nominally borne by the owner of the infected material/location. 8 non-forestry and 16 forestry related plant protection zones exist within the UK (including for 8-Toothed Spruce Beetle, Chestnut Blight, and Oak Processionary Moth).
By Nathan Fall
Pest and Disease Update – 8-Toothed Spruce Beetle (Ips typographus)
FC identified a breeding population of 8-Toothed Spruce Beetles near Ashford in Kent in December 2018 which is considered a major economic threat to the UK’s spruce dominated commercial timber crops. In January 2019 movement of any spruce material within a 50km zone was prohibited to minimise the risk of onward spread whilst investigations and extermination continue